Multiple Choice Answers

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1. Who was NOT a presidential candidate in the election of November 1968?
George Wallace
Lyndon Johnson
Hubert Humphrey
Richard Nixon

2. The Nixon-Kissinger team
showed how effective an active vice president could be.
paired a traditional small-town conservative with a troubled and profane easterner.
brought little foreign affairs expertise to the White House.
shared a global vision of U.S. foreign policy, and tended to pursue their ends secretly.

3. A group of typical U.S. soldiers in Vietnam would include all EXCEPT
draftees.
the least educated Americans.
young men.
black or Hispanic Americans.

4. The Gulf of Tonkin resolution, as passed by
the Congress, authorized President Johnson to take all necessary measures to repel attacks on U.S. forces.
the UN General Assembly, condemned U.S. aggression against the people of Vietnam.
the UN Security Council, called for both U.S. and North Vietnamese forces to withdraw from South Vietnam.
the Congress, blocked further commitment of U.S. ground troops without Congressional approval.

5. President Nixon’s carrot-and-stick plan to end the war in Vietnam included all EXCEPT
a swift, short invasion of North Vietnam.
a swift, short invasion of Cambodia.
hard-line negotiations with North Vietnam.
shifting the burden of actual combat to the South Vietnamese.

6. National leaders divided into two opposing camps concerning involvement in the Vietnam War. They were the ________ and the ________.
beats; hippies
doves; hawks
real Americans; flower children
silent majority; student radicals

7. Who in the 1950s did NOT support helping Indians to end their confinement on reservations and move into the urban mainstream?
liberals seeking to free Indians from reservations
western politicians seeking access to reservation resources
full-blood Indians seeking to preserve tribal culture
conservatives seeking to roll back New Deal programs

8. The Nixon Doctrine proclaimed
that the U. S. would expect its allies to share the burden of preserving world peace and order.
that the U.S. would deepen its involvement in other parts of the world once out of Vietnam.
a new Wilsonian internationalism.
Vietnamization

9. The chapter introduction juxtaposes the stories of Marines in Vietnam and National Guardsmen at Kent State to make what point?
America divided over the fundamental question of who was a true friend and who the real enemy.
Communist infiltration could harm Americans just as it did the South Vietnamese.
In the Vietnam War, the military was less the villain than the victim.
Poorly prepared and ineptly led armed forces led to America’s defeat at home and abroad.

10. How did U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War finally end?
with the unilateral withdrawal of U.S. troops
with the negotiated withdrawal of U.S. troops according to a treaty with North Vietnam
with the negotiated withdrawal of U.S. troops according to a treaty with South Vietnam
with an international peace conference after the defeat of a large U.S. force

11. All of the following “traumas” occurred in 1968 EXCEPT
the first big urban race riot in Watts.
the assassinations of Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King.
confrontation in the streets during the Democratic convention.
the Tet offensive in Vietnam.

12. What tactic, eventually ruled by the courts as illegal, did President Nixon use to battle Democratic programs that he opposed.
line-item veto
nullification
executive privilege
impoundment

13. Why couldn’t America’s superior technology prevail in Vietnam?
Politicians and the media refused to let the military use its technology effectively.
Technology did not distinguish friend from foe.
The U.S. never exploited its technological advantages.
The Vietnamese peasants were more influenced by the terrorist attacks of the Vietcong than the incomprehensible machines of the Americans.

14 . For America, the ________ was a great failure of foreign intelligence, a great tactical military success, and a great political defeat.
Democratic convention of 1968
theory of escalation
War on Poverty
Tet offensive

15. Richard Nixon in 1968 campaigned on a platform
promising immediate negotiations to end the war.
endorsing protest and permissiveness.
promoting law and order.
attacking liberals, intellectuals, and “long-hairs.”

16. In a war with uncertain goals—to escalate until the other side negotiated a settlement—what became the measure of U.S. military success?
territory occupied by U.S. or South Vietnam forces
bombing damage assessments
body counts
opinion polls showing how many South Vietnamese supported their government

17. What is the word that describes America’s new relationship with China and the Soviet Union, as fostered by Nixon and Kissinger?
divide and conquer
SALT
détente
confrontation

18. The term “Vietnamization” refers to the policy of
countering anti-war propaganda with a campaign to tell the “real story” in Vietnam.
shifting U.S. military operations from conventional tactics to guerrilla-type combat like that of the Viet Cong.
shifting the burden of actual combat to the South Vietnamese.
training United States troops in the “Nine Rules” for understanding Vietnamese culture.

19. What key segment of the American electorate did both George Wallace and Richard Nixon try to attract?
the unemployed
the white lower-middle class
individualistic-minded westerners
senior citizens

20. The “Tet offensive” of 1968 was
a tactical defeat for the Communists.
a political defeat for the United States.
both a tactical defeat for the Communists and a political defeat for the United States.
None of these answers is correct.

History130 Quiz 3

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1. What happened to the New Deal during the war?
A Since “Dr. New Deal” had become “Dr. Win-the-War,” there was little political interest in domestic legislation.
B Since wartime spending brought recovery, neither Roosevelt nor Congress thought the New Deal was needed any more.
C. Although cloaked in wartime labels, several additional New Deal-style agencies were in fact created to provide relief, recovery, and reform.
D. An anti-New Deal coalition moved to end many New Deal programs, and the president adapted to the new political environment.

2. Concerning the aftermath of the Pearl Harbor attack, which of the following statements is NOT true?
Misreadings of each other’s cultural character and likely behavior explain both Japan’s successful surprise attack and America’s decisive response.
Because of American outrage over Pearl Harbor, both Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill agreed that the Pacific war against Japan would be their priority military objective.
Ironically, American unity forged by the disastrous loss at Pearl Harbor made the Allied defeat of Germany possible.
Pearl Harbor was just the first in a series of Japanese victories that by summer 1942 led to Japanese control over most of the western Pacific, as well as the eastern edge of the Asian mainland

3. Which of the following statements about American economic activity during World War II is NOT true?
New federal agencies were created to manage war production.
The huge increase in federal spending was paid for by both borrowing (war bonds) and higher taxes.
Women, along with lower-income wage earners, made significant economic gains.
Workers and farmers enjoyed sharply increased earnings, which instead of saving, they spent on new-model cars and other available consumer goods

4. Concerning the background to the Pearl Harbor attack, which of the following statements is true?
The text ultimately explains the coming of war with Japan by showing how each side came to understand the other’s intentions.
Clear evidence now exists that President Franklin Roosevelt knew about and even encouraged the Japanese to attack Pearl Harbor in 1941.
Before Pearl Harbor, the U.S. provided substantial military aid to the British and Russians.
Right up until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt was one of the country’s most outspoken isolationists

5. Choose the correct sequence of campaigning on the western front in the European theater of operations: I. Cross-channel invasion; II. Invasion of Italy; III. North Africa campaign; IV. Invasion of Sicily.
A. I, II, III, IV
B. I, III, IV, II
C. III, IV, II, I
D. III, I, IV, II

6. To assist Great Britain after the fall of France in 1940, President Roosevelt
asked Congress to declare war on Germany.
asked Congress to pass the Neutrality Legislation.
sent troops to England.
devised ways to provide aid without going to war.

7. June 6, 1944, was the date of
the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.
Operation Overlord, the Allied attack across the English Channel.
VE Day, when Germany surrendered to the Allies as they overran Berlin

8. The text portrays the key agreements at the Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin Yalta Conference of 1945 as
a series of compromises and U.S. concessions, relying on Soviet cooperation for fulfillment.
a sellout and betrayal of American ideals and interests by a naive and ill President Roosevelt.
a one-sided diplomatic victory for the Americans—until the Soviets broke their pledges.
a diplomatic stalemate: there was no agreement because the U.S. sought maximum territorial control and the Soviets wanted a new collective security organization.

9. Collectively the Allies, despite early defeats, enjoyed significant strengths that would bring victory in the long haul, including all EXCEPT
able political leadership that managed to maintain a unified purpose.
Soviet manpower.
American industrial production.
a professed public commitment to Wilsonian ideals that managed to sustain morale.

10. Most fundamentally, over what did internationalists and isolationists disagree?
whether an international consultation or a North Atlantic military alliance would best preserve peace
which political party could best protect American security
whether war could be prevented by collective security
whether international alliances or policies like the Stimson Doctrine were the more effective strategy against aggression

11. The chapter introduction tells the story of Hawaiian pipefitter John Garcia to make the point that
A. tragically, it now appears that U.S. entry into World War II could have been avoided if Roosevelt had been less preoccupied with Europe.
B. the attack on Hawaii and subsequent global war taught Americans that they could not be isolated from the perils of the rest of the world.
C. Mexican Americans made significant gains in acceptance because of their contribution to the war effort.
D. the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was used as justification for interning Japanese Americans

12. The Nye Committee hearings in the 1930s popularized the idea that a key factor leading the United States into World War I had been
the need to protect American overseas colonial possessions (which were threatened by German and Japanese expansion).
German aggression.
the power vacuum caused by the decline of the Ottoman Turkish Empire.
the need to protect American bank loans to the Allies (which were used to buy arms from U.S. manufacturers).

13. The neutrality legislation of the 1930s was based on the assumption that the United States could keep out of war by
banning arms sales to countries at war.
granting independence to all American foreign possessions.
ending its own depression.
staying out of the League of Nations.

14. What was NOT a principle or strategy that unified the diverse group known as isolationists?
opposition to war
opposition to political commitments to other nations
support for the Neutrality Acts
support for the Lend-Lease Act

15. Which of the following was NOT a major source of federal funds during the war?
revenue measures that mixed conservative and compulsory elements with voluntary and progressive schemes
the elimination of New Deal programs
borrowing from individual Americans through bond sales
taxes that hit low-income workers hardest

16. What did Hoover allow his secretary of state, Henry Stimson, to do in response to the Japanese takeover of Manchuria?
embargo all oil and scrap iron sales to Japan
sign on with the League of Nations in a joint protest and censure
refuse to recognize the new Japanese territories
support the Japanese action

17. The impact of World War II on American society included all of the following EXCEPT
military life served as a melting pot as well as taking Americans far from home.
women found new economic opportunities despite little change in gender attitudes.
women and minorities felt resentment at being barred from military service.
it brought recovery from the stagnation and unemployment of the Great Depression

18. The first atomic bomb was dropped
on Hiroshima, Japan.
on Nagasaki, Japan.
on Tokyo, Japan.
on Japanese ships at sea.

19. During World War II, the United States was part of the Grand Alliance, which included all the following EXCEPT
China.
Britain.
the Soviet Union.
Italy.

20. Most Americans viewed war work for women as
evidence that Americans must rethink gender stereotypes.
unpatriotic.
a temporary response to the war emergency.
a permanent change in the role of women in American society.

Multiple Choice Answers

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Question 1
The process of making a copy of a DNA molecule is:
A. transcription.
B. replication.
C. translation.
D. protein synthesis.

Question 2
__________ describes how a cell makes a protein from the protein coding sequence of a gene.
A. Transcription
B. Gene expression
C. Translation
D. Gene phrasing

Question 3
The process of translation can be broken down into three basic steps. Which of the following is NOT one of these steps?
A. Initiation
B. Elongation
C. Translocation
D. Termination

Question 4
When only one nucleotide base is involved in a mutation, this is called:
A. chromosomal mutation.
B. template error.
C. point mutation.
D. nonsense codon.

Question 5
There are four types of chromosomal aberrations. Which of the following does NOT belong in this group?
A. Inversions
B. Translocations
C. Inherent
D. Deletions

Question 6
Fibers extending from cell pole to cell pole are called the:
A. cleavage furrow.
B. cell plate.
C. cell equator.
D. spindle.

Question 7
An organelle used during animal cell division is the:
A. lysosome.
B. mitochondrion.
C. Golgi apparatus.
D. centriole.

Question 8
The time it takes for cells to divide:
A. varies, but it takes sophisticated equipment to measure this small difference.
B. depends on the health and environment of the cell.
C. does not vary at all, but is controlled by an internal clock.
D. varies widely and unpredictably in cells of the same local area of the same organism during any specific time period.

Question 9
__________ may cause cancer.
A. Chemotherapeutic agents
B. Mutagenic agents
C. The polymerase chain reaction
D. Cytokinesis

Question 10
The separation of homologous chromosomes is called:
A. synapsis.
B. segregation.
C. mitosis.
D. fertilization.

Question 11
Different forms of the same gene are referred to as:
A. loci.
B. alleles.
C. homozygotes.
D. hybrids.

Question 12
The expression of a gene is called:
A. probability.
B. phenotype.
C. genotype.
D. pleiotropy.

Question 13
In humans, the genes for blood type A and B show lack of dominance to one another and both dominate O. Two type O people would be able to have:
A. IO IA IB IAB type children.
B. only O type children.
C. IO IA type children.
D. only AB type children.

Question 14
A case of more than one gene influencing one phenotypic characteristic is called:
A. pleiotropy.
B. polygenic inheritance.
C. X-linked.
D. monohybrid.

Question 15
The sex of mammals is determined by:
A. the autosomes they receive.
B. the type of sex chromosomes received.
C. the number of recessive chromosomes received.
D. None of these answers is or may be a factor.

Question 16
Using __________ it is possible to show the nucleotide sequence differences among individuals since no two people have the same nucleotide sequences.
A. mutagenesis
B. polymerase chain reaction
C. genetic fingerprinting
D. translocation

Question 17
The laboratory procedure for copying selected segments of DNA is:
A. the polymerase chain reaction.
B. translation.
C. jumping genes.
D. a point mutation.

Question 18
The __________ was a 13-year effort to determine the normal or healthy human DNA sequence.
A. Embryo Cloning Project (ECP)
B. Human Genome Project (HGP)
C. Stem Cell Research Project (SRP)
D. Gene Therapy Project (GTP)

Question 19
__________ reproduces many varieties of fruit trees and other plants by making cuttings of the plant and rooting the cuttings.
A. Cloning
B. Sexual reproduction
C. Meiosis
D. Somatic cell transfer

Question 20
__________ involves inserting genes, deleting genes, or manipulating the action of genes in order to cure or lessen the effect of genetic diseases.
A. Gene therapy
B. The role of a DNA librarian
C. Genetic counseling
D. Genetic therapeutic medicine

Multiple Choice Answers

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1. Equity theory predicts that people are most satisfied in their relationships when the

a. perceived rewards of the relationship are equal to the perceived costs of the relationship.
b. perceived rewards of the relationship outweigh the perceived costs of the relationship.
c. actual rewards and costs of the relationship exceed the expected rewards and costs of the relationship.
d. rewards and costs one partner experiences are roughly equal to those of the other partner.

2. When in conflict in close relationships, women often try to get their husbands to talk about the problem and men retreat. This communication pattern
a. illustrates the demand/withdraw interaction pattern.
b. fosters social penetration.
c. reflects negative affect reciprocity.
d. leads exchange relationships to become more communal.

3. Individuals who suffer from social anxiety are likely to
a. be very concerned with the overall balance of their relationships.
b. be very popular with other people and yet not realize that they are popular.
c. have an unusually high need for affiliation.
d. experience feelings of discomfort in the presence of others.

4. Which of the following is consistent with the evolutionary account of mate selection?
a. Women of all ages prefer partners who are similar in age.
b. In personal ads, women tend to offer beauty and men offer wealth.
c. Both men and women seek partners who are kind and dependable.
d. Men are more disturbed by emotional infidelity and women are more disturbed by sexual infidelity.

5. When his wife tells him that he cannot go out bowling with the guys, Homer gets mad and throttles his son, Bart. Homer’s behavior is an example of
a. instrumental aggression.
b. vicarious aggression.
c. displacement.
d. catharsis.

6. Each of the following people behaved aggressively, and each was punished for his or her aggression. For which of these people should the indicated punishment have the best chance of successfully reducing aggression?
a. Jake, who was punished immediately following his act of aggression
b. Danielle, who was punished for some of her aggressive acts but not for others, and cannot discern a pattern in the incidence of punishment
c. Keifer, who was extremely angry when punished after committing an act of emotional aggression
d. Lakeesha, who was punished in a very angry, hostile manner by her parents after committing an act of instrumental aggression

7. Dewanto hears what sounds like gunshots coming from the school parking lot. None of his classmates appears concerned, so Dewanto assumes that they know the sound was only a car backfiring or someone playing with firecrackers. Dewanto’s beliefs illustrate
a. diffusion of responsibility.
b. pluralistic ignorance.
c. audience inhibition.
d. empathic concern.

8. Male motorists in France were more likely to offer a ride to a female hitchhiker who
a. had a small bust, but was smiling.
b. had an enhanced bust size and was smiling.
c. had an enhanced bust size and who was not smiling
d. None of these

9. Carmen, an 8-year-old girl, is angry with her brother, so she tells their mother that he was playing video games when he was supposed to be doing his homework; she then tells all his friends that he is afraid of the dark. Carmen’s behavior illustrates
a. physical aggression.
b. overt aggression.
c. hostile aggression.
d. indirect aggression.

10. Bonita and Helga are asked to list people they “love,” people they are “in love with,” and people they are “sexually attracted to.” It is likely that the names on
a. all three lists will overlap considerably.
b. all three lists will be fairly different.
c. the “in love” and “sexually attracted to” lists will overlap considerably.this is the only one I am not 100% sure of
d. the “love” and “in love” lists will overlap considerably.

11. When Mina first started playing the new Blood Bath Beach Party video game, the extremely violent images made her cringe. Now she has played the game so many times that she barely even notices such images. This illustrates
a. cultivation.
b. habituation.
c. displacement.
d. catharsis.

12. Asuni hears her neighbor’s burglar alarm go off in the middle of the night, but she doesn’t call the police because she assumes that one of the other neighbors will do so. Asuni’s failure to call the police is the result of
a. pluralistic ignorance.
b. stimulus overload.
c. audience inhibition.
d. diffusion of responsibility.

Multiple Choice Answers

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1. Which of the following is a hiring principle (or are hiring principles) of the merit-based civil service system?
open competition
political experience
competence
open competition, competence, and political neutrality

2. Which of the following are sources of US law?
US and state constitutions and statutes
judicial decisions and executive orders
administrative and regulatory law
All of the above

3. The Magna Carta of 1215 was significant to the creation of common law because
it provided the monarchy with greater power over its subjects.
it was the first document to list the rights and protections granted to individuals in England.
it was the first document to establish checks and balances in a divided government.
it established the unfair and arbitrary actions by the monarchy were the right of the monarchy because it was a sovereign government.

4. All of the following programs are examples of in-kind government assistance, except:
Pell grants for college students.
Medicaid, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF).
tax breaks and subsidies to individuals and corporations.
the Federal Deposit Insurance Commission (FDIC).

5. After President and Vice President, who is next in line of Presidential succession?
President Pro Temp
Speaker of the House
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of State

6. The work of drafting legislation on a specific issue, rewriting leglislation, having hearings on legislation, and often killing legislation before it is ever voted on is the work of the
House or Senate special committee.
House or Senate select committee.
full body of the House and Senate.
the House or Senate standing committee.

7. The President’s authority to suppress information that he deems to be of national security importance is called
the War Powers Act.
invoking the 5th amendment.
Executive privilege.
Clear and present danger.

8. Rising income inequality in the United States meant
that the gap in the proportion of national income held by the wealthiest few at the top of the income ladder from the many in the lower rungs grew substantially in the early 1900s.
that American families in the early 1900s were forced to rely on the income brought home by their children to help pay the bills.
that the federal government eventually implemented workplace regulations and regulated capitalism as industrialization grew.
All of the above.

9. Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling taxing and spending is known as
public policy
monetary policy
budgetary policy
fiscal policy

10. Talking endlessly on the Senate floor with the hope of killing a bill not favored by a Senator describes
Gerrymandering
Collective bargaining
Rules Committee
Filibuster

11. Using the courts to determine the constitutionality of a law or act of Congress is called:
Judicial Review
Item Veto
Concurrent power
Courts of Appeal

12. The Supreme Court’s jurisdiction is primarily
Appellate
Original
Both
Neither

13. The economic theory arguing that government spending should increase during economic recessions and be curbed during booms is called
supply-side economics
Keynesian economics
laissez-fair economics
libertarian economics

14. The politics-administration dichotomy describes a line that exists between politics (the creation of policy and the allocation of resources to carry it out) and administration of policy (how a policy is carried out). Yet, the expertise of bureaucrats is often used in many phases of the policy adoption and implementation process. Which stage does your text indicate that bureaucrats have the least influence?
Agenda setting – not 100% sure on this one.
Policy formation
Policy approval
Resource allocation and policy implementation

15. What majority is needed for Congress to check presidential power by overriding a presidential veto?
majority
three-fifths
two-thirds
three-quarters

16. Under the provisions of the Clean Air Act of 1970, who was given enforcement responsibility for air quality standards?
local governments
the states
the Department of the Interior
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

17. Which event forced the United States to adopt national energy policies?
World War II
the Vietnam War
OPEC embargo of 1973
the first Persian Gulf War

18. The President serves as
Diplomatic Chief
Commander in Chief
Chief Legislator
All of the above

19. The Bush Doctrine developed what kind of policy?
Containment policy
Unilateral action
Roll-back policy
Domino theory

20. In formulating foreign and national security policy, the President surrounds himself with the National Security Council. This consists of the Vice President, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, and who else in the executive branch as his closest advisers?
The Press Secretary
The Speaker of the House.
National Security Adviser and the Secretary of State
All of the above