Philosophy

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Part I. use the traditional and modern squares of opposition to determine whether the following arguments are valid or invalid. For those that are invalid, name the fallacy that is committed.

1. All teenage smokers are persons who jeopardize their health. Therefore, some teenage smokers are persons who jeopardize their health.

2. No werewolves are creatures that lurk around in the daytime. Therefore, some werewolves are not creatures that lurk around in the daytime.

3. It is false that some cities in Japan are high crime areas. Therefore, some cities in Japan are not high crime areas.

4. All current residents of Atlantis are people with gills. Therefore, it is false that some current residents of Atlantis are not people with gills.

5. Some Miami policemen are not officers involved in drug trafficking. Therefore, no Miami policemen are officers involved in drug trafficking.

6. It is false that all opponent of school prayer are people who object to a moment of silence. Therefore, no opponents of school prayer are people who object of a moment of silence.

7. No palm trees indigenous to the Arctic are natural habitats for rodents. Therefore, it is false that all palm trees indigenous to the Arctic are natural habitats for rodents.

8. No vampires are avid connoisseurs of garlic bread. Therefore, it is false that some vampires are avid connoisseurs of garlic bread.

9. It is false that some juvenile killers are not criminals who deserve to be tried as adults. Therefore, it is false that no juvenile killers are criminals who deserve to be tried as adults.

10. It is false that some lung cancer vaccines are readily obtainable inoculations. Therefore, some lung cancer vaccines are not readily obtainable inoculations

True/False

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  1. Income taxes payable are recognized as an expense once they are paid to the respective government or taxing authority. T or F
  1. All changes in all stockholders’ equity accounts must be shown in the Stockholders’ Equity section of the balance sheet. T or F
  1. Cash flow per share is computed by dividing cash on the balance sheet by the number of share outstanding. T or F
  1. The cumulative feature of stock allows the firm to eliminate a class of stock by paying the stockholders a special amount. T or F
  1. In general, the international accounting standards provide lease criteria that are similar to the U.S. standards. T or F
  1. When stock is issued for cash, only the par value of the stock should be reported in the stock account. T or F
  1. The statement of cash flows emphasizes explanations for the change in net income. T or F
  1. Cash dividends become a liability to a corporation on the date of record. T or F
  1. An investor views a high debt to equity ratio and a low times interest earned as a favorable sign of a company’s abilities to meet its long-term obligations. T or F
  1. When treasury stock is reissued and the cost is less than the reissue price, the difference increases additional paid-in capital. T or F

A+ Paper

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Describe a situation of public interest in which critical and/or creative thought could have been used for a better outcome. Describe why it is important to think critically and creatively in similar situations. •Define free will, truth, knowledge, and opinion. Explain how we use them to form thoughts. What role does each play in critically assessing situations? •Identify three hindrances to the critical thinking process. Determine methods for overcoming these hindrances. Identify a time in which you experienced a hindrance in critical thinking. Describe a method you could use to overcome the hindrances. •Identify a message in advertising. Describe how you perceive the message of the advertisement. Try to determine the reality of the advertisement. Distinguish between your perception and the reality of the message